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China

China, officially the People's Republic of China, is a country in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.404 billion. Covering approximately 9,600,000 square kilometers, it is the third- or fourth-largest country by total area. Source: Wikipedia

Area of China 9,335,503.2 km²
Population 1.4 billion
Male Population 700,410,197 (51.2%)
Female Population 668,274,810 (48.8%)
Population change from 1975 to 2015 +51.7%
Population change from 2000 to 2015 +8.3%
Median Age 35.9 years
Male Median Age 35.5 years
Female Median Age 36.4 years

Map of China

Population Over Time

Years 1975 to 2015
Data1975199020002015
Population 902,305,697 1,149,892,036 1,264,131,106 1,368,686,376
Population Density 96.7 / km² 123.2 / km² 135.4 / km² 146.6 / km²
Sources: JRC (European Commission's Joint Research Centre) work on the GHS built-up grid

Population By Age and Gender

China Population Tree
AgeMaleFemaleTotal
Under 5 41,747,672 35,106,806 76,854,478
5-9 39,100,632 33,015,453 72,116,086
10-14 40,894,980 35,240,937 76,135,918
15-19 52,987,324 49,049,614 102,036,939
20-24 65,840,658 65,193,269 131,033,928
25-29 52,159,269 51,487,244 103,646,514
30-34 50,850,805 48,905,902 99,756,707
35-39 62,042,553 59,234,009 121,276,563
40-44 65,499,855 62,965,048 128,464,904
45-49 55,531,712 53,532,062 109,063,774
50-54 41,847,586 39,838,354 81,685,941
55-59 42,445,702 41,599,854 84,045,556
60-64 30,727,009 29,764,823 60,491,832
65-69 21,310,447 20,968,275 42,278,723
70-74 16,858,110 17,041,514 33,899,625
75-79 11,577,718 12,884,814 24,462,532
80-84 6,066,018 7,612,634 13,678,652
85 Plus 2,922,145 4,834,200 7,756,346
Sources: CIESIN (Center for International Earth Science Information Network)

Historical and Projected Population

Estimated Population from 400 to 2100
YearEst. PopulationAvg 10 Year Growth %Avg 10 Year Growth
400 29,922,577 n/a n/a
500 37,148,365 2.2% 722,578
600 50,055,064 3% 1,290,669
700 41,544,271 -1.8% -851,079
800 32,628,455 -2.4% -891,581
900 39,505,265 1.9% 687,681
1000 36,672,912 -0.7% -283,235
1100 90,372,925 9.4% 5,370,001
1200 103,289,287 1.3% 1,291,636
1300 80,144,273 -2.5% -2,314,501
1400 71,411,993 -1.1% -873,228
1500 91,461,835 2.5% 2,004,984
1600 98,273,317 0.7% 681,148
1700 99,654,767 0.1% 138,145
1800 292,872,793 11.4% 19,321,802
1900 399,974,728 3.2% 10,710,193
1910 423,104,907 5.8% 23,130,179
1920 472,243,889 11.6% 49,138,982
1930 489,430,146 3.6% 17,186,257
1940 521,506,644 6.6% 32,076,498
1950 537,871,120 3.1% 16,364,476
1960 636,023,102 18.2% 98,151,982
1970 817,287,873 28.5% 181,264,771
1990 1,149,892,036 18.6% 166,302,081
2000 1,264,131,106 9.9% 114,239,070
2020 1,387,791,146 4.8% 61,830,020
2030 1,389,316,671 0.1% 1,525,525
2040 1,348,072,198 -3% -41,244,473
2050 1,271,230,698 -5.7% -76,841,500
2060 1,171,344,510 -7.9% -99,886,188
2070 1,064,093,422 -9.2% -107,251,088
2080 958,158,390 -10% -105,935,032
2090 858,047,261 -10.4% -100,111,129
2100 772,465,683 -10% -85,581,578
Sources:
1. JRC (European Commission's Joint Research Centre) work on the GHS built-up grid
2. CIESIN (Center for International Earth Science Information Network)
3. [Link] Klein Goldewijk, K., Beusen, A., Doelman, J., and Stehfest, E.: Anthropogenic land use estimates for the Holocene – HYDE 3.2, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 9, 927–953, https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-9-927-2017, 2017.

Human Development Index (HDI)

Statistic composite index of life expectancy, education, and per capita income.
Sources: [Link] Kummu, M., Taka, M. & Guillaume, J. Gridded global datasets for Gross Domestic Product and Human Development Index over 1990–2015. Sci Data 5, 180004 (2018) doi:10.1038/sdata.2018.4
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