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Makkah

Area of Makkah 137,910.5 km²
Population 7.9 million
Male Population 4,454,615 (56.6%)
Female Population 3,413,283 (43.4%)
Population change from 1975 to 2015  +312.9%
Population change from 2000 to 2015  +45.6%
Median Age 27.2 years old
Male Median Age 28.7 years old
Female Median Age 25.3 years old
Timezone Arabian Standard Time

Makkah Population

Years 1975 to 2015
Data1975199020002015
Population 1,905,622 4,170,548 5,402,195 7,867,898
Population Density 13.8 / km² 30.2 / km² 39.2 / km² 57.1 / km²
Sources: JRC (European Commission's Joint Research Centre) work on the GHS built-up grid

Makkah Population change from 2000 to 2015

Increase of 45.6% from year 2000 to 2015
LocationChange since 1975Change since 1990Change since 2000
Makkah +312.9% +88.7% +45.6%
Saudi Arabia +325% +93.1% +47.5%
Sources: JRC (European Commission's Joint Research Centre) work on the GHS built-up grid

Makkah Population Tree

Population By Age and Gender
AgeMaleFemaleTotal
Under 5 320,892 296,447 617,339
5-9 362,985 331,372 694,358
10-14 380,932 342,623 723,556
15-19 396,998 355,684 752,683
20-24 416,857 359,846 776,704
25-29 476,354 373,678 850,032
30-34 493,294 338,288 831,582
35-39 462,113 298,288 760,401
40-44 349,783 214,227 564,011
45-49 272,080 173,999 446,079
50-54 199,530 119,096 318,627
55-59 122,826 77,703 200,530
60-64 91,590 59,772 151,363
65-69 63,997 37,042 101,040
70-74 29,214 23,470 52,684
75-79 15,169 11,747 26,917
80-84 0 0 0
85 Plus 0 0 0
Sources: CIESIN (Center for International Earth Science Information Network)

Makkah Population Density

Population Density: 57.1 / km²
LocationPopulationAreaPopulation Density
Makkah 7.9 million 137,910.5 km² 57.1 / km²
Sources: JRC (European Commission's Joint Research Centre) work on the GHS built-up grid

Makkah Historical and Projected Population

Estimated Ancient Population until 2100
YearEst. PopulationAvg 10 year growth %Avg 10 year growth
0 230,619 n/a n/a
100 268,675 1.5% 3,805
200 313,011 1.5% 4,433
300 364,663 1.5% 5,165
400 424,838 1.5% 6,017
500 494,943 1.5% 7,010
600 576,617 1.5% 8,167
700 565,084 -0.2% -1,153
800 553,552 -0.2% -1,153
900 507,423 -0.9% -4,612
1000 461,293 -0.9% -4,613
1100 478,208 0.4% 1,691
1200 495,122 0.3% 1,691
1300 512,036 0.3% 1,691
1400 449,761 -1.3% -6,227
1500 461,293 0.3% 1,153
1600 518,955 1.2% 5,766
1700 461,293 -1.2% -5,766
1800 482,260 0.4% 2,096
1900 623,025 2.6% 14,076
1910 646,302 3.7% 23,277
1920 666,036 3.1% 19,734
1930 702,595 5.5% 36,559
1940 740,941 5.5% 38,346
1950 781,163 5.4% 40,222
1960 995,579 27.4% 214,416
1970 1,411,763 41.8% 416,184
1990 4,170,548 71.9% 1,379,392
2000 5,402,195 29.5% 1,231,647
2020 8,786,157 27.5% 1,691,981
2030 10,576,338 20.4% 1,790,181
2040 12,274,282 16.1% 1,697,944
2050 13,734,420 11.9% 1,460,138
2060 14,894,393 8.4% 1,159,973
2070 15,661,745 5.2% 767,352
2080 16,050,457 2.5% 388,712
2090 16,089,346 0.2% 38,889
2100 15,816,632 -1.7% -272,714
Sources:
1. JRC (European Commission's Joint Research Centre) work on the GHS built-up grid
2. CIESIN (Center for International Earth Science Information Network)
3. [Link] Klein Goldewijk, K., Beusen, A., Doelman, J., and Stehfest, E.: Anthropogenic land use estimates for the Holocene – HYDE 3.2, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 9, 927–953, https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-9-927-2017, 2017.

Human Development Index (HDI)

Statistic composite index of life expectancy, education, and per capita income.
Sources: [Link] Kummu, M., Taka, M. & Guillaume, J. Gridded global datasets for Gross Domestic Product and Human Development Index over 1990–2015. Sci Data 5, 180004 (2018) doi:10.1038/sdata.2018.4

Makkah CO2 Emissions

Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Emissions Per Capita in Tonnes Per Year
LocationCO2 EmissionsCO2 Emissions Per CapitaCO2 Emissions Intensity
Makkah 118,160,910 t 15 t 856.8 t/km²
Sources: [Link] Moran, D., Kanemoto K; Jiborn, M., Wood, R., Többen, J., and Seto, K.C. (2018) Carbon footprints of 13,000 cities. Environmental Research Letters DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/aac72a

Makkah Annual Weather Averages

May Historical Weather Data (1978 to 2020)

Average Temp
30.7°C
87.2°F
Average High
38.0°C
100.3°F
Average Low
23.6°C
74.4°F
   Record High Temperature
49.0°C
120.2°F
   Record Low Temperature
11.9°C
53.4°F
   Average Precipitation
0.2 mm
0.0 in
   Average Precipitation Days (≥ 0.254 mm)
0.1 days
Sources:
1. NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration)
2. Lawrimore, Jay H.; Ray, Ron; Applequist, Scott; Korzeniewski, Bryant; Menne, Matthew J. (2016): Global Summary of the Month (GSOM), Version 1. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://doi.org/10.7289/V5QV3JJ5. Accessed Fri, 17 Apr 2020 13:07:33 GMT.

Natural Hazards Risk

Relative risk out of 10
Flood Medium (4)
* Risk, particularly concerning flood or landslide, may not be for the entire area.

Top places in Makkah

Other places in Saudi Arabia

Place Area Population Population Density
Al Jawf 87,643.4 km² 512,802 5.85 / km²
Al Madinah 147,531.5 km² 2.0 million 13.8 / km²
Al-Bahah 9,930.9 km² 441,946 44.5 / km²
Al-Qassim 72,002.7 km² 1.4 million 20.1 / km²
Aseer 79,830.4 km² 2.3 million 28.4 / km²
Eastern Province 520,163 km² 4.9 million 9.34 / km²
Ha'il 112,817.6 km² 653,499 5.79 / km²
Jizan 12,316.7 km² 1.5 million 125.5 / km²
Najran 130,258.7 km² 586,806 4.5 / km²
Northern Borders 107,610.3 km² 367,898 3.42 / km²
Riyadh 375,013.4 km² 8.1 million 21.6 / km²
Tabuk 132,079.4 km² 841,842 6.37 / km²
The data on this page is estimated using a number of publicly available tools and resources. It is provided without warranty, and could contain inaccuracies.