World  »  Tonga

Tonga

Area of Tonga 737.7 km²
Population 95,679
Male Population 48,165 (50.3%)
Female Population 47,514 (49.7%)
Population change from 1975 to 2015  +25.4%
Population change from 2000 to 2015  +9.8%
Median Age 21.3 years old
Male Median Age 20.2 years old
Female Median Age 22.4 years old
Timezone Tonga Standard Time
Tonga, officially the Kingdom of Tonga, is a Polynesian country and archipelago comprising 169 islands, of which 36 are inhabited. Source: Wikipedia

Tonga Population

Years 1975 to 2015
Data1975199020002015
Population 76,293 83,809 87,162 95,679
Population Density 103.4 / km² 113.6 / km² 118.2 / km² 129.7 / km²
Sources: JRC (European Commission's Joint Research Centre) work on the GHS built-up grid

Tonga Population Tree

Population By Age and Gender
AgeMaleFemaleTotal
Under 5 6,569 5,945 12,514
5-9 6,180 5,745 11,926
10-14 5,894 5,303 11,197
15-19 5,260 4,906 10,167
20-24 3,832 3,802 7,635
25-29 3,317 3,724 7,041
30-34 2,868 3,075 5,944
35-39 2,580 2,755 5,336
40-44 2,676 2,654 5,331
45-49 2,194 2,051 4,245
50-54 1,664 1,779 3,444
55-59 1,409 1,516 2,926
60-64 1,129 1,212 2,341
65-69 935 1,050 1,986
70-74 774 823 1,597
75-79 481 563 1,045
80-84 264 371 636
85 Plus 138 239 377
Sources: CIESIN (Center for International Earth Science Information Network)

Tonga Historical and Projected Population

Estimated Population from 900 to 2100
YearEst. PopulationAvg 10 year growth %Avg 10 year growth
900 1,934 n/a n/a
1000 2,036 0.5% 10
1100 2,143 0.5% 10
1200 2,256 0.5% 11
1300 3,383 4.1% 112
1400 5,074 4.1% 169
1500 7,611 4.1% 253
1600 11,417 4.1% 380
1700 17,125 4.1% 570
1800 27,616 4.9% 1,049
1900 39,321 3.6% 1,170
1910 40,163 2.1% 842
1920 40,658 1.2% 495
1930 41,148 1.2% 490
1940 41,632 1.2% 484
1950 42,111 1.2% 479
1960 60,109 42.7% 17,998
1970 73,132 21.7% 13,023
1990 83,809 7.1% 5,338
2000 87,162 4% 3,353
2020 97,778 5.9% 5,308
2030 99,894 2.2% 2,116
2040 99,873 0% -21
2050 97,216 -2.7% -2,657
2060 92,629 -4.7% -4,587
2070 89,029 -3.9% -3,600
2080 86,589 -2.7% -2,440
2090 84,937 -1.9% -1,652
2100 84,164 -0.9% -773
Sources:
1. JRC (European Commission's Joint Research Centre) work on the GHS built-up grid
2. CIESIN (Center for International Earth Science Information Network)
3. [Link] Klein Goldewijk, K., Beusen, A., Doelman, J., and Stehfest, E.: Anthropogenic land use estimates for the Holocene – HYDE 3.2, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 9, 927–953, https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-9-927-2017, 2017.

Human Development Index (HDI)

Statistic composite index of life expectancy, education, and per capita income.
Sources: [Link] Kummu, M., Taka, M. & Guillaume, J. Gridded global datasets for Gross Domestic Product and Human Development Index over 1990–2015. Sci Data 5, 180004 (2018) doi:10.1038/sdata.2018.4

Tonga Annual Weather Averages

May Historical Weather Data (1979 to 1994)

Average High
29.0°C
84.1°F
   Record High Temperature
32.1°C
89.8°F
   Average Precipitation
125.1 mm
4.9 in
   Average Precipitation Days (≥ 0.254 mm)
11.0 days
Sources:
1. NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration)
2. Lawrimore, Jay H.; Ray, Ron; Applequist, Scott; Korzeniewski, Bryant; Menne, Matthew J. (2016): Global Summary of the Month (GSOM), Version 1. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://doi.org/10.7289/V5QV3JJ5. Accessed Fri, 17 Apr 2020 13:07:33 GMT.

Natural Hazards Risk

Relative risk out of 10
Cyclone High (9)
Drought Medium (2.6)
Volcano Medium (6)
* Risk, particularly concerning flood or landslide, may not be for the entire area.

Top places in Tonga

The data on this page is estimated using a number of publicly available tools and resources. It is provided without warranty, and could contain inaccuracies.