World  »  Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan

Area of Turkmenistan 489,370 km²
Population 5.5 million
Population change from 1975 to 2015  +115.9%
Population change from 2000 to 2015  +20.2%
Timezone Turkmenistan Standard Time

Turkmenistan Population

Years 1975 to 2015
Data1975199020002015
Population 2,529,835 3,687,296 4,543,909 5,462,959
Population Density 5.17 / km² 7.53 / km² 9.29 / km² 11.2 / km²
Sources: JRC (European Commission's Joint Research Centre) work on the GHS built-up grid

Turkmenistan Historical and Projected Population

Estimated Population from 300 to 2100
YearEst. PopulationAvg 10 year growth %Avg 10 year growth
300 114,392 n/a n/a
400 122,531 0.7% 813
500 131,251 0.7% 872
600 140,595 0.7% 934
700 150,585 0.7% 999
800 161,290 0.7% 1,070
900 166,348 0.3% 505
1000 171,405 0.3% 505
1100 183,523 0.7% 1,211
1200 195,641 0.6% 1,211
1300 207,594 0.6% 1,195
1400 221,684 0.7% 1,409
1500 241,716 0.9% 2,003
1600 281,908 1.6% 4,019
1700 312,169 1% 3,026
1800 540,649 5.6% 22,848
1900 927,523 5.5% 38,687
1910 978,842 5.5% 51,319
1920 1,032,959 5.5% 54,117
1930 1,089,997 5.5% 57,038
1940 1,150,148 5.5% 60,151
1950 1,213,538 5.5% 63,390
1960 1,596,547 31.6% 383,009
1970 2,191,563 37.3% 595,016
1990 3,687,296 29.7% 747,866
2000 4,543,909 23.2% 856,613
2020 5,749,179 12.5% 602,635
2030 6,182,914 7.5% 433,735
2040 6,447,925 4.3% 265,011
2050 6,576,076 2% 128,151
2060 6,549,829 -0.4% -26,247
2070 6,414,783 -2.1% -135,046
2080 6,213,410 -3.1% -201,373
2090 5,986,714 -3.6% -226,696
2100 5,756,551 -3.8% -230,163
Sources:
1. JRC (European Commission's Joint Research Centre) work on the GHS built-up grid
2. CIESIN (Center for International Earth Science Information Network)
3. [Link] Klein Goldewijk, K., Beusen, A., Doelman, J., and Stehfest, E.: Anthropogenic land use estimates for the Holocene – HYDE 3.2, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 9, 927–953, https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-9-927-2017, 2017.

Human Development Index (HDI)

Statistic composite index of life expectancy, education, and per capita income.
Sources: [Link] Kummu, M., Taka, M. & Guillaume, J. Gridded global datasets for Gross Domestic Product and Human Development Index over 1990–2015. Sci Data 5, 180004 (2018) doi:10.1038/sdata.2018.4

Turkmenistan Annual Weather Averages

May Historical Weather Data (1885 to 2020)

Average Temp
23.0°C
73.3°F
Average High
30.5°C
87.0°F
Average Low
15.5°C
59.9°F
   Record High Temperature
56.0°C
132.8°F
   Record Low Temperature
-1.5°C
29.3°F
   Average Precipitation
16.1 mm
0.6 in
   Average Precipitation Days (≥ 0.254 mm)
3.5 days
Sources:
1. NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration)
2. Lawrimore, Jay H.; Ray, Ron; Applequist, Scott; Korzeniewski, Bryant; Menne, Matthew J. (2016): Global Summary of the Month (GSOM), Version 1. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://doi.org/10.7289/V5QV3JJ5. Accessed Fri, 17 Apr 2020 13:07:33 GMT.

Natural Hazards Risk

Relative risk out of 10
Landslide High (7)
Drought High (6.5)
Flood High (10)
Earthquake Medium (4.8)
* Risk, particularly concerning flood or landslide, may not be for the entire area.

Top places in Turkmenistan

The data on this page is estimated using a number of publicly available tools and resources. It is provided without warranty, and could contain inaccuracies.